(Version 1.02 - Last updated: 8/7/98)
Concept and Background by Kenneth Olson
Background Information derived from Robotech Technical Files
Original Design from Entertainment Bible 51: Macross II


vf-1sr_battloid_front.jpg (33125 bytes)Once it became apparent that the main transforming fighters for the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) was to be the VAF-6 "Alpha" and the VBF-9 "Beta" fighters, veteran pilots from the older Robotech Defense Forces (RDF) expressed their dissatisfaction.  They felt that with the proper upgrades the older VF-1 series of veritech fighters, could prove to be the match of either of the newer designs.  This opinion was no doubt influenced by the fact that this pilots had supreme confidence in the older designs because they had successfully defended the Earth during the First Robotech War with the VF-1.   However, in an effort to placate these veterans, which the REF would dearly need in the upcoming campaigns, a new upgrade was created especially for the REF.  The new design was to be called the VF-1R "Mustang".  The first production model the VF-1SR was flown on July 17, 2018.  Three slightly differing designs were created the VF-1SR (with four head lasers), VF-1JR (with two head lasers), and the VF-1AR (with a single head laser).  Each model would be assigned, as with the older VF-1 series, by rank.

The basic airframe was kept, but the electronics, weapons and armor under went a major overall.  Two new Nakajima/P&W/Rolls-Royce FX-2010 fusion turbines were added to replace the venerable FF-2001 or FF-2001D initially installed.  These engines produced 35% more thrust than the earlier models at three-quarters the weight.  The aging Hughes AWG-20 X-band pulse-Doppler radar was replaced with a new AWG-30 model providing 50% greater detection range. The armor was upgraded to the Chobam laminar found on the VBF-1 and VAF-6 series of veritech fighters. 

The weapons compliment was changed.  The VF-1R would  replace the older GU-11 series of gun pods with the newer EP-5 particle gun.  This newer gun is powered directly by the protoculture generator and can fire single shots of 20 MJ.  The two head lasers were similarly upgraded to LA-3 lasers.  The LA-3 are able to fire 4 MJ bursts every 2 seconds.  The hard points underneath each wing were kept the same.   However, a new FAST pack design the NP-BP-07 was mounted dorsally.  The NP-BP-07 mounted two EP-4's in the nose while keeping the 2 x HMMP-02 missile launchers.   In addition to the dorsal mounted FAST pack the VF-1R could mount any of the arm and leg packs from the VF-1 series of veritechs.

The initial production run proved to be the only VF-1R's produced, although the NP-BP-07 series of FAST packs proved to be incredibly successful and were in production through the Third Invid War.  Fifty VF-1RS's, 50 VF-1RJ's, and 10 VF-1RA's were produced.  To many this might seem odd that more of the officer versions were produced than the standard 'A' type; however, one must take into account that most of the veterans of the First Robotech War were officers and thus requested the 'S' model.

Unfortunately two events proved to be the death nail for the Mustang.  First, the design proved to be an excellent space superiority fighter and an adequate atmospheric fighter.   However, the VAF-6 series equaled or surpassed the new VF-1R in both arenas.  The second event was the design and production of the VF-1Y Kawamori.  Upon recapture of Tyrol a new heavy assault veritech, based on the venerable VF-1 and taking much from the VF-1R was designed.   Due to these two events only the initial production run was completed.   Roughly 70% of the total number of VF-1R went with the Robotech Expeditionary Forces into deep space where it  proved to be and excellent fighter against the Invid.  The remaining 30 or so VF-1R's were placed into front line squadrons against the Robotech Masters.  Although a majority of these fighters were destroyed during the Second Robotech War, the VF-1R proved itself to be one of the premier transforming fighters.   Several VF-1R's are know to have survived the Invid Invasion and participated in the final attack against Reflex Point.

vf-1sr_fighter.jpg (11483 bytes)


Vehicle Type: VF-1R "Mustang"
Class: Variable Fighter
Manufacturer: Robotech Expeditionary Force
Crew: One pilot wearing Tactical Life Support System.


Location Mustang
Head Lasers (1,2, or 4) 25
(1) Head 90
Hands (2) 30
Arms (2) 150
Right Mounted EP-5 90
Legs/Engine Thrusters 200
Fast Packs (2) 200
(2) Main Body 320
Reinforced Pilots Compartment 200
Retractable Utility Arms 3
Wings (2) 125


  1. Destroying the  head of the Mustang will knock out the mecha's major sensor systems, including all of the optics systems (infrared, nightvision, thermal). Radar and communications will be unaffected.
  2. Depleting the MDC of the main body will destroy the mecha.


90 kph
50 ft (15 m) high or 70 ft (21 m) long without thrusters.
250 kph / 400 kph
400 kmph  maximum speed limit in an Earth-like atmosphere. Can also hover in place indefinitely.
Max level speed at sea level : Mach 0.7
Max level speed at 10km:  Mach 1.0
Max level speed at 30+ km:  Mach 1.5
Stall speed : 150 kph (VTOL rectification possible)
Service ceiling : 20 km (unboosted).



17.7m  in soldier configuration.
12.3m in gerwalk configuration.
6.5m in fighter configuration.
10.1m at shoulders in soldier and gerwalk configuration.
14.8m  with wings at maximum extension.
5.5m in soldier configuration.
12.3m in gerwalk configuration.
15.1m in fighter configuration.
50,200 kg empty.
Equal to a P.S. of 60
Small compartment behind pilot's seat for personal belongings in addition to the cyclone storage compartment
Two Tirolian mecha protoculture-generators ZT-5d providing a total of 1500 MW
Delta V:
200  kps (with fast pack 100 kps without)
COMPATIBLE FAST PACKS (Macross Mecha Designs):
Any of the following, however the two Dorsal mounted NP-BP-07 FAST packs are described below.
Dorsal: NP-BP-01, NP-BP-02, NR-BP-T1, NP-BP-10, NP-BP-11, NP-BP-12, NP-BP-19
Arm: NP-AR-01, NP-AU-T1
Leg: NP-FB-01, NP-FB-T1, NP-FB-10

vf-1sr_guardian.jpg (13740 bytes)


  1. EP-5 50MM SINGLE BARREL PARTICLE CANNON: The EP-5 is capable of firing 20 MJ bursts up to 20 times per minute, with power coming directly from the main protoculture generators.  The EP-5 was meant to be a replacement for the aging GU-11 gun pod and as such performed well.  The EP-5 is an upgraded version of the EP-4 found on the VF-4 "Lightning".  The gun is powered directly from the main protoculture generators and as such the rate of fire is only limited by the recharge rate.  The weapon never became very popular because many  pilots felt that the low rate of fire did not offset the "effectively" unlimited ammunition supply.


  2. LA-3 HEAD LASERS: The older Mauser RšV-20 laser cannons were upgraded to the more powerful LA-3 laser cannons capable of firing 4 MJ shots every two seconds.   These weapons however were known to overheat if fired at maximum capacity for more than 30 seconds, as a result most mecha pilots only used them sparingly as a cutting tool or in anti-missile defense.
  3. stiletto.jpg (7191 bytes)

  4. BODY/WING HARD POINTS: Two fixed hard points are mounted on each wing.   These hardpoints can be used to carry 15 short range missiles, 5 medium range missiles or 2 long range missiles.


  5. (FAST PACK) 2 x EP-4 SINGLE-BARRELED PARTICLE CANNON: Two EP-4's are mounted in the front of both of the FAST packs.  The EP-4 is capable of firing 9 MJs of particle energy every second and is powered by the aircraft's energizers.  This gun is the same as that used in the early models of VF-4 Lightning.  


  6. (FAST PACK) 2 x HMMP-02 SHORT RANGE MISSILE LAUNCHERS:  Each FAST pack has two missile tubes per pack.  Each launching tube has 8 missiles for a total of 16 short range missiles per FAST pack.

  8. HAND TO HAND COMBAT: If necessary, the Mustang can engage in melee combat rather than use a weapon. The VF-1R  is extremely agile and can execute most typical hand to hand combat moves, such as punches, jump kicks, leap attacks, rolling with impacts, etc.


    vf-1sr_battloid_rear.jpg (11952 bytes)



vf_1jr_battloid.jpg (19123 bytes)


Back to Mecha Home